Traditional recipes

Winemaker Who Won't Use Pesticides Faces Jail

Winemaker Who Won't Use Pesticides Faces Jail

The French government puts pressure on a Burgundian winemaker to spray his organic vineyard

Wikimedia/ Thomas Bjørkan

A winemaker in France's Burgundy region is resisting government pressure to use pesticides on his vines.

Organic wine is a small but growing market, but a winemaker in France’s Burgundy region cares so deeply about the organic cause that he’s willing to risk jail to avoid using pesticides on his vineyard.

According to The Local, the vintner was ordered by the government to treat his vines with a pesticide to prevent a certain hopping insect that causes an infectious disease called flavescence dorée in grape vines. The disease can kill young plants and have a significant negative effect on the productivity of mature ones. When the disease was discovered in parts of Burgundy in June, the agriculture ministry ordered all winemakers in the region to treat their vineyards as a preventive effort.

But Emmanuel Giboulot maintains that spraying pesticides would ruin his biodynamic farm. He faces six months in prison and a $41,000 fine if he does not use the pesticides.

“All vines must be treated by everyone for the treatment to work,” said Olivier Lapotre of the local food department. “It’s a deadly disease for vines and very contagious, and it’s because of this that such measures are obligatory.”

Denis Thiery, the head of the French National Institute for Agricultural Research in Bordeaux said the disease had “exploded” in recent years, affecting almost all regions. He said everyone had to respect the order in order for the measures to be effective against the disease.

“It’s like refusing a vaccine when it’s mandatory,” he said.


How to Make Sake

Most more or less enlightened connoisseurs of alcoholic drinks know that Japanese sake is technically not a vodka drink but a rice pruno since it’s not made by distilling or fractionating. This drink is also called rice wine, although its composition is closer to a beer without hops, and its making technology is unique and as no real analogs. This article goes over this technology of making rice wine at home. Selecting a certain yeast strain allows making sake which is very close to the original drink. The organoleptic properties of this sake are hard to describe with words, but it’s something worth trying yourself.

It’s better to use sticky rice because this Asian variety of rice has a very pronounced aroma and flavor. During the cooking process, the rice absorbs a large amount of water which serves as the base for the final product. So there’s no need to add more water later on.

Real sake is made from koji, a filamentous fungus, which can process starch in rice into fermentable sugar. In home conditions, koji can be replaced with more accessible wine yeast. Sugar is added to the must in order to increase the wine’s potency (wine yeast don’t process starch into fermentable sugar, thus the low alcohol content). Using distiller’s and baker’s yeast will yield rice wash with an ethanol flavor and not sake.


CHEF IN IRISH STEW ‘ART THIEF’ RESTAURATEUR LETS FEDS SEND HIM TO DUBLIN JAIL

A celebrity Irish chef who’d hoped to be the toast of New York has hung up his apron for prison stripes – having agreed to go back to the Emerald Isle to face charges he stole $50,000 in art from a posh Dublin hotel.

Once counted among Ireland’s hottest restaurateurs, the 32-year-old Conrad Gallagher enjoyed a meteoric rise as chef to the stars – but his fall was just as swift.

Clad in prison garb and sporting shoulder-length brown hair Thursday afternoon, Gallagher waived his right to an extradition hearing at Brooklyn federal court.

It’s unclear when the feds will ship him off to Ireland, but law enforcement sources said it could happen within days.

The precocious cook earned a Michelin star when he was 27 and just last week his latest cookbook, “Take 6 Ingredients,” got rave reviews in British newspapers – one described the book as having � mouth-watering recipes.” But now the chef is accused of jumping bail in Dublin, where he was set to go on trial for art theft last October.

He has been cooling his heels behind bars since April 10, when deputies with the U.S. Marshal Service picked him up on an international warrant outside his trendy bar, Traffic, on First Avenue near East 50th Street.

Irish authorities say Gallagher stole three abstract paintings from the swank Fitzwilliam Hotel – where he once ran an award-winning restaurant called Peacock Alley – and then sold the works for a fraction of their value.

The artist who painted the pilfered art, Felim Egan, enjoys a strong local reputation and sits on the board of the Irish Museum of Modern Art.

Gallagher has told reporters that the paintings were his to sell. But Irish cops say that Gallagher asked an auctioneer in Dublin to buy three paintings for $12,289 on condition that he would be able to buy the artworks back for $13,655. Gallagher did not redeem the paintings and the auctioneer eventually sold them.

When Gallagher arrived in the United States, he said he would never return to Ireland, where a host of financial woes had led to the crumbling of his restaurant empire.

Addressing Magistrate Judge Steven Gold during a court appearance last week, the notoriously outspoken Gallagher blurted out, “Just regarding jumping the bail, I didn’t really jump.”

For years, the Irish media has trained its spotlight on the embattled chef’s professional and romantic exploits – including his aborted engagement to Karla Elliot, ex-wife of Def Leppard singer Joe Elliot.

Defense attorney Douglas Morris has asked the feds to return Gallagher to Ireland as quickly as possible so he can continue treatment for testicular cancer.


Health Benefits of Dandelion Tea

Dandelions are packed with nutrients and antioxidants that can boost your health. Ever part of the plant from dandelion roots and dandelion leaves to the vibrant dandelion flowers is edible. Dandelions contain antioxidants such as beta-carotene that help prevent cell damage.

The leaves and flowers also contain vitamin C, which helps to boost the immune system and ward of the common cold. Dandelions are a good source of fiber that streamlines digestion. The leaves of the dandelion plant contain more protein than spinach, making it a good choice post-workout.

Dandelion roots are often used to make tea and boast significant health benefits of their own. They contain high levels of potassium, calcium, and phosphorous. All of these nutrients promote bone and tooth health. Magnesium in dandelion roots helps to relax muscles and alleviate pain. Dandelion root also works as a diuretic and detoxifier, purifying the entire body.

The roots are also chock full of antioxidants. These antioxidants work to eliminate free radicals in the body that can cause premature aging and cancer. Many of the antioxidants found in dandelion roots can help to inhibit the growth of and induce death in cancer cells.


Lotto Winner Guilty in a Killing, Cleared in 2d

In a split verdict today, a jury here found that a man who had won millions in the state lottery acted in self-defense when he shot and killed his former lover outside her Chappaqua home, but found him guilty of second-degree murder in the death of her father-in-law during the same gun battle.

Joseph Rukaj, 38, who was wounded in the gunfight, had been charged with first-degree murder and attempted kidnapping in the shooting deaths on Sept. 11, 1996 of Rigaletta Nikc, 31, and her father-in-law, Marc Nikac, 58, who spelled his surname differently. Prosecutors charged that the deaths were the result of a family feud over Mr. Rukaj's assertion that he was the father of one of Mrs. Nikc's daughters.

Mr. Rukaj, who won $17.5 million in a New York State Lotto drawing in 1990, was a cousin of Mr. Nikac, and the bloodshed has split the family. Each day during the seven-week trial, bickering relatives, many wearing mourning clothes, filled each side of the courtroom.

Prosecutors argued that Mr. Rukaj shot the two during an attempt to kidnap Mrs. Nikc's 5-year-old daughter, who he said was his child. They played tape recordings of some of the 16 telephone calls Mr. Rukaj made that day to tell Mrs. Nikc that he was going to come and take his daughter. Prosecutors presented witnesses who testified that Mrs. Nikc had sought an order of protection against Mr. Rukaj just hours before she was shot.

During the trial, prosecutors conceded that DNA results confirmed that Mr. Rukaj was the girl's father and that Mrs. Nikc had shot Mr. Rukaj in the chest before she was killed with a shot to her head. But they said that she was trying to protect her daughter.

The victims and the defendant were immigrants from Albania, and the defense contended that the killings occurred because a centuries-old Albanian code of honor, known as the Kanun, requires retribution for a disgrace. The defense argued that Mr. Rukaj had brought shame to Mrs. Nikc by filing a suit in Family Court asserting that he was the girl's father. In retaliation, the defense argued, Mrs. Nikc and her family plotted to kill Mr. Rukaj.

After the killings, which occurred about 8 P.M. in the darkened driveway of the Chappaqua home, Mr. Rukaj drove to the New Castle police station to report that he had been shot and had returned the gunfire.

When the police interviewed Mrs. Nikc's husband, Antonio, at the house, however, he told them he did not have a gun. The police did not search the house, but the next day, Mr. Nikc admitted to them that he had taken a gun from his wife's side and hidden it behind a ceiling tile, the police said.

Mr. Rukaj was acquitted of attempted burglary but convicted of criminal possession of a weapon. Though he had been charged with first-degree murder, the Westchester County District Attorney, Jeanine F. Pirro, decided not to seek the death penalty. ''Make no mistake,'' she said today, ''we will seek the maximum in this case.''

Mr. Rukaj, who has been held in the Westchester County jail on $3 million bail since the shootings, is to be sentenced by Judge Kenneth H. Lange of Westchester County Court on May 18. He faces 25 years to life in prison on the murder charge and 15 years on the weapon charge.


Jails Jammed Again as O.C. Halts Early Outs

The number of convicted criminals winning early releases from Orange County jails has plunged to the lowest level in 15 years, leaving the overcrowded facilities more packed than ever.

The Sheriff’s Department has virtually halted the release of inmates with more than three days of their jail terms unserved, sending home 78 such prisoners since January compared to 5,845 during all of last year.

Officials said the decrease was made possible by squeezing about 200 more inmates a day into previously underused cells and expanding the use of supervised work programs for nonviolent offenders.

The reductions mark a dramatic turnaround for the county’s beleaguered jail system, which for years freed thousands of burglars, gang members and other criminals--sometimes weeks before their sentences were up.

The practice has long generated criticism because officials estimate that 10% of those who won early release ended up back in jail for committing crimes while they should have been behind bars.

“Those were crimes that clearly would not have occurred had they stayed in jail,” Sheriff Mike Carona said. “We’re going to send a clear message to the crooks of Orange County that if you get arrested here, don’t expect to get out on the streets in record time.”

The problems stem from a 1978 federal court order aimed at easing chronic overcrowding at one the most cramped jail systems in the nation. While state law allows counties to release inmates within 72 hours of their sentences ending, the court order requires Orange County to set convicts free much earlier if the system cannot handling the influx of new inmates.

The county continues to release thousands of inmates during the three-day period allowed by the state, but officials hope to cut the number of longer releases to zero. In the first 10 months of the year, roughly 41,000 days were shaved off inmate sentences, compared to 110,000 days in 1998.

Officials warn, however, that the changes are coming at a price: The space in the jails is growing ever tighter.

Deputies in previous years kept beds free to ensure that inmates could be segregated along gang affiliation. But those beds are now being filled as part of the drive to keep inmates in longer, raising the specter of placing rivals together and unleashing gang fights. No such fights have been reported so far, but officials said the risk is growing.

“We’re on the brink right now of bursting at the seams,” said Sheriff’s Capt. Kim Markuson, commander of Theo Lacy Branch Jail in Orange. “This is a Band-Aid solution.”

As a result, Carona and others maintain that the county still needs to build new jail facilities.

Carona is now searching for a suitable site in South County to place a new jail, while the Board of supervisors is pushing forward with plans to greatly expand the James A. Musick Branch Jail in Irvine.

The Musick expansion is strongly opposed by nearby residents and helped inspire an initiative on the 2000 ballot that would require voter approval for any new jail facilities and other controversial projects such as airports and landfills.

Carona’s predecessor, Brad Gates, frequently cited the early release of inmates in his 20-year struggle to win approval to build a new jail. But Gates drew fire because of the practice. In 1991, a Municipal Court judge angry over the large number of early releases sentenced Gates to 30 days in jail unless he halted the practice. The sentence was eventually overturned on appeal.

The dramatic plunge in the number of inmates freed early led some legal experts to question why the action wasn’t take earlier.

“If [Carona] can do it within a year of coming into office, the idea that . . . [it] couldn’t have been done [earlier] is laughable,” said George P. Wright, chairman of Santa Ana College’s criminal justice department.

Assistant Sheriff Rocky Hewitt, who has worked under both sheriffs, said Gates pushed hard for new jail beds and fewer early releases but was unwilling to risk the security problems that could come with further packing the jail cells.

Carona has also reduced early releases by moving some inmates who once would have been housed in maximum-security cells to minimum-security facilities if officials believe they won’t act violently.

Deputies are also being more selective about who they place in jail, turning some inmates accused of low-grade misdemeanors such as trespassing over to work programs or sending them home with orders to appear in court.

While the Sheriff’s Department has reduced the total number of days inmates are released early by about 60%, more than 13,000 inmates have left jail before their terms are up. Almost all of them, however, were set free within the 72 hours allowed by the state.

Nonetheless, Carona said the county needs an extra 5,100 beds within a decade. He said he will make solving the space crunch a priority for his administration, going so far as to vow that he will not seek reelection if he fails to ease the logjam.

“The good news is that we’ve maximized every resource at our fingertips,” Carona said. “But the bad news is that we know that we still have a critical problem with jail beds in the county.”

(BEGIN TEXT OF INFOBOX / INFOGRAPHIC)

Orange County’s overcrowded jails are keeping more prisoners behind bars for longer.

The number of convicted prisoners released with more than 10% of their sentence unserved:

Total days shaved off inmates sentences because of early releasing:

* Figures for 1999 are for the first 10 months of the year.

Source: Orange County Sheriff’s Department

As senior editor of investigations, Jack Leonard oversees the work of a team of investigative reporters in the Los Angeles Times’ Metro section and coordinates investigative stories in other departments as well as investigative partnerships with other organizations. As a reporter, he was part of the team that exposed fraud and abuse in California’s conservatorship system, a series that won several national awards. He went on to investigate how early releases from L.A.’s jail system perverts justice and fosters more crime on the street. Later, he worked on a sweeping expose of abuse and corruption in the L.A. County Sheriff’s Department.

These trips will take you to priceless places, and our pro tips will help you dig deeper.

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Susan Berman, a crime writer and self-described ‘Mafia princess,’ was shot to death inside her home in 2000. Now, her best friend, Robert Durst, is on trial accused of her murder.


Use of Nutraloaf on the Decline in U.S. Prisons

After decades of using food as a means of discipline, prison officials across the country are increasingly turning away from punitive diets as a response to misbehavior by prisoners.

One food that has been commonly used as punishment is known as &ldquonutraloaf&rdquo &ndash a concoction of mashed-together ingredients that are baked into a brick-like loaf designed to meet basic nutritional guidelines, but which is deliberately made with a bland and unappealing flavor. Recipes vary from state to state, but usually include some kind of meat, potatoes, rice, beans and other vegetables or grains. At some facilities, nutraloaf is simply leftovers from the day&rsquos meals dumped into a blender and then cooked.

Historically, the use of such punitive diets has been limited to disciplinary units, Special Housing Units and other segregation cells. For the most part, prisoners receive nutraloaf or similar meals in response to food-related misconduct, such as throwing food at guards, though in some facilities nutraloaf can be imposed for a wide variety of disciplinary and security management reasons.

Using food as punishment has been a practice in American prisons since the 19th century, when bread and water diets were a common tool for making prisoners behave. In the 1970s, Arkansas prison officials popularized the use of &ldquogrue,&rdquo made by combining &ldquomeat, potatoes, oleo [margarine], syrup, vegetables, eggs, and seasoning into a paste and baking the mixture in a pan,&rdquo according to a court ruling. The use of &ldquogrue&rdquo was discontinued after a federal court found its use in a segregation unit to be a component of unconstitutional conditions. See: Hutto v. Finney, 410 F.Supp. 251 (E.D. Ark. 1976), aff&rsquod, 548 F.2d 740 (8th Cir. 1976), aff&rsquod, 437 U.S. 678 (1978).

Before falling from favor, the use of punitive meals was popularized over several decades. At least a dozen state prison systems still use some form of nutraloaf or food loaf, and Benson Li, food service director for the Los Angeles County Jail and former president of the Association of Correctional Food Service Affiliates, said over 100 facilities across the nation utilize food as a form of punishment.

The Florida Department of Corrections (FDOC) continues to use nutraloaf in special management units, according to a February 9, 2016 report by radio station WUFT-FM, though state prison officials claimed it was &ldquonot used for disciplinary reasons.&rdquo PLN managing editor Alex Friedmann disagreed.

&ldquoThe bottom line is it is a form of punishment,&rdquo he said. &ldquoThey don&rsquot serve the loaf to the general population or the officers.&rdquo He also noted that other prison systems are able to maintain discipline without resorting to nutraloaf, adding, &ldquoWhen you create a food item that is so unpalatable that prisoners just can&rsquot eat it . then, in effect, you are denying people food.&rdquo

The FDOC&rsquos nutraloaf recipe consists of carrots, spinach, dried beans, vegetable oil, tomato paste, water, grits and oatmeal, mixed and baked for 30 to 40 minutes. In Pennsylvania prisons, &ldquofood loaf&rdquo is made with milk, rice, potatoes, carrots, cabbage, oatmeal and beans.

Litigation has fueled growing resistance to the use of nutraloaf in recent years. At least 22 lawsuits related to punishment diets have been filed since 2012, when the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals held that nutraloaf could serve as the basis for an Eighth Amendment claim when actual injury was alleged. See: Prude v. Clarke, 675 F.3d 732 (7th Cir. 2012) [PLN, May 2013, p.28].

The American Civil Liberties Union has stated that punitive diets such as nutraloaf are &ldquosort of legally right on the line,&rdquo although the American Correctional Association (ACA), which establishes accreditation standards for correctional facilities, discourages them. An informal survey by Li found that 40 percent of the prisons that responded indicated the use of nutraloaf was decreasing.

As noted by David Fathi, director of the ACLU&rsquos National Prison Project, &ldquoThe fading use of nutraloaf is part of a larger long-term trend toward professionalization, and, in most respects, more humane conditions.&rdquo

The prison systems in California, Massachusetts, Minnesota and New York have banned nutraloaf as a disciplinary tool.

&ldquoIt goes to the heart of the question of what is the purpose of prison: is it meant to be retributive or is it meant to be rehabilitative?&rdquo asked Heather Ann Thompson, a mass incarceration historian at the University of Michigan. &ldquoWe want people to come back healthier, not less healthy. So nutraloaf is a very short-sighted way of dealing with punishment, at the very least.&rdquo

Those who are working to provide healthier prison meals find themselves fighting a constant battle between improving the menu and staying within limited budgets. Laurie Maurino, a registered dietician and the food administrator for the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, said her focus is on creating healthy, lower-sodium meals that prisoners will still want to eat.

&ldquoWe&rsquore not serving them steak and lobster or anything,&rdquo she stated. &ldquoBut food is the one thing that inmates look forward to in a day. Inmates with full stomachs are happy inmates, they&rsquore not going to be getting in fights. A lot of times riots have started after a bad meal.&rdquo

The New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision has reported a dramatic decline in the use of nutraloaf as a form of punishment. The department served nutraloaf almost 1,000 times in 2010 according to spokesperson Taylor Vogt, but by 2014 that number had fallen to just 385. Nutraloaf was discontinued in New York prisons in December 2015.

In Vermont, the state Supreme Court ruled in March 2009 that prison officials must hold a hearing with due process protections before imposing a nutraloaf diet. [See: PLN, Aug. 2009, p.32]. As a result, the use of nutraloaf has declined significantly.

&ldquoI was just really offended by the idea that in a civilized society we would do that to people, no matter what they did,&rdquo said Seth Lipschutz, the attorney who argued the case. &ldquoSince we won, this stuff is hardly ever used in Vermont. It&rsquos still technically on the books but they have to give inmates procedural due process now. But they don&rsquot use it because they figured out how to get along without needing it.&rdquo

One jail official who plans to continue using food as punishment &ndash and who makes no apology for it &ndash is Joe Arpaio, the infamous sheriff in Maricopa County, Arizona, who won a lawsuit filed by prisoners challenging nutraloaf diets.

&ldquoWhen they assault our officers or do something wrong, we place them in lockdown and take away their regular meals,&rdquo Arpaio said. &ldquoThey won&rsquot do it again if they like the regular food.&rdquo

In a video posted online, the sheriff was shown taste-testing nutraloaf. His assessment? &ldquoYou know, quite frankly, I wouldn&rsquot eat this.&rdquo

Sources: www.chicagomag.com, www.dailymail.co.uk, www.hg.org, www.npr.org, http://motherboard.vice.com, www.huffingtonpost.com, www.wuft.org, New York Times

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We will not pay: the Americans withholding their taxes to fight Trump

A ndrew Newman always pays his taxes, even if he hates what the government is doing with them. But not this year. For him, Donald Trump is the dealbreaker. He’ll pay his city and state taxes but will refuse to pay federal income tax as a cry of civil disobedience against the president and his new administration.

Newman is not alone. A nascent movement has been detected to revive the popularity of tax resistance – last seen en masse in America during the Vietnam war but which has been, sporadically, a tradition in the US and beyond going back many centuries.

“My tax money will be going towards putting up a wall on the Mexican border instead of helping sick people. It will contribute to the destruction of the environment and maybe more nuclear weapons. I think there will be a redistribution of wealth from the middle class to the wealthy elite and Trump’s campaign for the working man and woman was an absolute fraud. If you pay taxes you are implicated in the system,” said Newman, an associate professor of English and history at Stony Brook University on Long Island, part of the State University of New York.

“The government wants our money and if a lot of people were thinking about this kind of peaceful protest, it would get their attention,” he added.

Newman, 48, regrets that his 2016 taxes have already been automatically taken out of his paycheck. He intends to write to the government accusing the Trump administration of a planned misuse of those public funds. Then he will change his 2017 arrangements so that he will get a bill from the Internal Revenue Service, instead, and will refuse to pay it, donating the money to causes he deems more socially responsible.

He will be following the example of one of his heroes, Henry David Thoreau, who refused to pay tax that would fund wars and slavery and was jailed for it in 1846, and whose famous essay, Civil Disobedience, Newman often reads to his students. Martin Luther King Jr was a huge admirer or Thoreau’s argument about civil disobedience, and Mahatma Gandhi led salt tax protests and resistance that helped spur independence for India.

“I’ve been discussing this with friends and colleagues and they are extremely interested,” he said. “People are very responsive but they also say ‘I don’t want to go to jail.’”

He is far more likely simply to be fined and charged interest on the unpaid taxes by the IRS.

“There have been very few people who have spent time in jail for not paying taxes as an explicit act of political resistance,” said Ruth Benn, coordinator of the National War Tax Resistance Coordinating Committee, a campaign group that encourages federal tax boycotts in the name of peace and advises citizens on how to go about it.

A pamphlet from the National War Tax Resistance Coordinating Committee.

The committee was created in 1982, around the time Benn stopped paying her federal income tax, as a protest against the nuclear arms race during the cold war.

“I’ve never been taken to court,” she said. IRS agents have questioned her a couple of times, most recently in 2009, saying she owed $40,000 in back taxes. They once took a small amount of money from her bank account, she said, but the consequences have been few – though IRS letters in her mailbox still “put fear in my heart”, she said.

Even after the cold war, Benn has kept up her action because of what she sees as excess spending on the military – which Trump has pledged to boost – as well as the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and the militarization of the police.

Benn said enthusiasm for tax resistance appeared to be growing in the Trump era, though cautiously. Visits to the committee’s rudimentary website have doubled in recent weeks to about 1,500 a day. The committee estimates that about 8,000 people a year refuse to pay US federal income tax as an act of civil disobedience, and that number is expected to rise.

Among famous faces, Mia Farrow has tweeted about tax resistance. Gloria Steinem is also planning to take part in the movement.

In an email to the Guardian, Steinem said: “In 1968, we refused to pay the 10% of our Federal income tax dollars that funded the war in Vietnam, and included a letter to the IRS saying so. In February before tax time on March 15, 500 or so of us listed our names in ads that we published in the New York Times, together with a quote [from] Thoreau on Civil Disobedience, and an invitation to join us.”

She added: “I’m going to do this again by sending what I think should go to Planned Parenthood, deducting it from my Federal IRS return, and including a letter saying so. Though it’s a smaller sum than Vietnam, we won’t just be keeping it or using some to pay for expensive NYT ads, and can add whatever each of us is able to in order to support Planned Parenthood.”

Anti-Trump rallies are being planned nationwide for 15 April, which is normally tax day, even though this year returns are due on 18 April. The theme will be to demand that the president release his federal tax records, something he has resolutely refused to do.

Kirsten Taylor, 50, a contemporary arts fundraiser in Grand Rapids, Michigan, is especially anxious to see Donald Trump’s tax returns.

“I’m not really a political activist but I feel like Trump’s taxes are his kryptonite. I want a campaign of non-payment in the style of ‘I’ll show you mine when you show me yours’. I’m desperate for someone to figure out a way to get him to disclose his returns. I think they would show he should not be president.”

Taylor is passionate about refusing to pay federal income tax until Trump releases his returns – but is currently undecided about whether she can afford it, with two children in college needing her support, she said.

“If a wealthy benefactor could afford to pay people’s fines and legal expenses, that would be amazing,” she said, citing the example of the progressive documentary maker Michael Moore offering to pay any fines for Republican members of the electoral college who would agree to vote against Trump.

Robinson, a New York playwright in her late 20s who preferred not to share her full identity because of fear of repercussions from her current employer, has found a useful loophole.

As an artist, she is able to create her own company into which she is paid as a writer and then pays out her own salary, pension fund contributions, agent’s fees and the like.

Not long after Trump was elected, Robinson sat down with her accountant and discussed legal ways to pay negligible federal income tax, instead making extra payments into her tax-deferred pension plan and still paying her local and state taxes and Medicaid and Medicare contributions.

“This is my way of saying to Trump: you think you’re the only one who knows how to use the tax laws to your advantage?” she said.

The Quakers have yet to throw their weight behind the new wave of interest, despite officially urging the boycotting of federal taxes during the Vietnam war and espousing tax resistance as a pacifist strategy during their 17th-century beginnings, in both Britain and America.

Meanwhile, there is talk in California of the state becoming an “organized non-payer” of its dues to the federal government and urging non-compliance with the federal tax code if Trump cuts off federal funding to its “sanctuary cities” – Los Angeles, San Francisco and Sacramento – if they do not cooperate with demands to hand over undocumented immigrants.


Winemaker Who Won't Use Pesticides Faces Jail - Recipes

Prison Wine

I'm simply not cut out for jail. Where I really shine is watching Tivo on a couch. As soon as you need me to survive a sharpened-spoon attack, (or even a regular spoon attack)-- I'm just not your guy.

Nevertheless, if I do ever end up in the big house, there's a chance I'll make it out alive as the prison brewmeister. I know this for I have read the 1994 book "You Are Going To Prison" by Jim Hogshire. (Well, I actually only skimmed through the book, so I'll probably be dead in a day and a half.)

The following book excerpt contains the prison wine recipe.

"Prison hooch can be made in your cell toilet (as long as you don't mind using other people's toilets or finding some other solution), or more often, in plastic trash bags. The recipe is simple: make a strong bag by double or triple-bagging some plastic trash bags and knotting the bottoms. Into this, pour warm water, some fruit or fruit juice, raisins or tomatoes, yeast, and as much sugar as you can get ahold of (or powdered drink mix). Now tie off the top of the bag, letting a tube of some kind protrude so the thing won't explode while it gives off carbon dioxide. Now hide the bag somewhere and wait at least three days. A week is enough.

One of the problems you have right away with making wine in prison is the difficulty getting yeast. It's a strictly forbidden item and you might not be able to get any. In this case you can improvise the by using slices of bread, preferably moldy (but not dry) and preferably inside a sock for easier straining.

If you choose to brew your wine in your cell, you'll need to hide it behind your bunk and do what you can to hide the smell. Burning cinnamon as incense is one way. Spraying deodorant around is another. Normal wine takes at least a month if not six weeks to make at all properly -- but in hell, this is all you get."

With that, I give you the longest, scrolliest, bandwidth destroyingest Steve, Don't Eat It to date. Phooey on you sobriety! I'm makin' some hooch!

I gave serious thought to whether the straining sock should be clean or not. I came to the conclusion that it shouldn't. In the spirit of Steve, Don't Eat It, I need to take it to the extreme! Plus, I was already wearing dirty socks and my clean ones were in the bedroom, like 20 feet away.

Here are all the ingredients necessary. I thought it would be nice to make both red and white prison wine to match well with whatever dishes the prison chef might prepare. I'm sure Martha Stewart did the same if/when she brewed this stuff in her cell toilet. But she probably used a clean sock, being as she's fancy.

Getting slightly moldy bread proved to be more difficult than I expected. I bought the cheapest white bread I could find and waited for it to go green. I swear to God it stayed good for a month.

Whenever I WANT bread in my house, it's moldy. Now that I actually needed it to happen, it wouldn't. Luckily, I discovered an old green hot dog bun in a bag on top of the fridge and put that in with the bread to teach it the ways of the mold. In this way, the green bun was Yoda. It worked perfectly. And it didn't even sound suspiciously like Grover.

It was finally time to begin the brewing process. I reflected on the artisans around the world who've dedicated their lives to the craft of winemaking, as I lovingly shoved moldy bread in my socks.

I decided to break up the two wine recipes thusly.

The Red Prison Wine (pictured above) would be made with red grape juice, tomatoes, raisins, sugar, the dirty sock filled with moldy bread, and one packet of yeast. (I thought it would be interesting to add yeast to one batch and not the other, and compare the results.)

As stated in the book, yeast is definitely contraband, but for the sake of this culinary experiment we'll just assume I gave the prison baker a hand-job.

But then the guy wouldn't give me the yeast! SO I STABBED HIM WITH A PEN IN THE EYE AND TOOK IT! And I was all, "DON'T FUCK WITH STEVE!"

Yes. This is what we should assume.

As for the White Prison Wine, it would contain: White grape juice and the moldy bread sock. No extra yeast added. For the requisite sugar, I went with some powdered drink mix, a few packets of ketchup and a handful of Tigger fruit snacks.

Hmm. I can't put my finger on why, but I could swear these ingredients almost look at home in this garbage bag. It must be the lighting.

(Incidentally, I realized I forgot to take a picture of this one with the grape juice, but then I remembered that's okay because. in Hell, this is all you get!)

I knotted up the bags, poked a straw in the top as the recipe called for and tucked them away in our bathroom for safe keeping. If you're wondering why I didn't actually make this stuff in my toilet-- give me a break. I'm all too aware of my previous creations in that toilet. Just be glad I'm drinking moldy sock juice at all for you fuckers.

Within a day or two, the bathroom had taken on a strong sour smell. That "bar at 4 AM" smell. Everytime my wife went in there she complained about it. Everytime I went in there I just had the urge to pick up a skank.

7 long days later it was time to crack open the bags and see what we had.

I started with the red, and it somehow smelled amazingly good! Like fresh, sweet grapes. You know, there's an old expression that says In wine, there is truth. In this case, I could also make out some chunks and what appeared to be a severed foot.

Then there was the "white" wine. This one's aroma was slightly more earthy. Do you know that smell of grass right after it's cut? That's nice. I was just making chit-chat, because this smelled like rotten eggs tucked into the anus of a dead cat.

I really don't understand what could have gone wrong! I used moldy bread and socks, EXACTLY LIKE THE RECIPE SAID!

I purchased two large decanters, carefully transferred my fruity after-birth into them, and brought it to my friends Anthony and Steve for a group tasting. I didn't strain the red, just in case anybody wanted Prison Sangria .

First we sampled the red prison wine. It was sour, but certainly not terrible. And the good news was it was definitely wine. like. ish. It was surprisingly dry. All the sugar was gone. Then again, if you were sugar, would you have stayed in that shitty-ass garbage bag?

We were all pleasantly surprised.

Regarding Red Prison Wine

Anthony: "I would drink this in prison."

Steve: "I would drink this in high school!"

It was time for the white. Wine tasters refer to a wine's aroma as its "nose." This wine's nose was a rectum. If this wasn't wine, I had somehow stumbled upon the recipe for Prison Stink Bombs. Forget about drinking it, I was afraid of getting it on me.

Through some miracle, it actually tasted nothing like it smelled. In fact, there was very little flavor other than sour, watery alcohol. It's hard to believe this started out as a bag of fruit snacks and grape juice. Yet somehow these ingredients went from sweet and child-like to harsh and alcoholic quicker than Lindsay Lohan.

Now that I think about it, prison inmates frequently turn to religion. I'm not very religious, but maybe I should be. Sure, Jesus made wine from water, but I did it with a dirty sock and fruit snacks! You tell me what the bigger miracle is. And I'm not even the son of God. or am I?

Out of curiousity, I purchased a device from a brewing supply house that allowed me to measure the wine's alcohol content. The red came in at 10.5% alcohol. The white was a whopping 14% alcohol! All of this led me to a simple conclusion: I miss old Lindsay Lohan, with the big boobies.


Watch the video: Έσβησε ο νεαρός ηθοποιός Τόμας Πρωτόπαππας. (January 2022).